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Water Buffalo (Bubalus arnee )

Bovidae

Distribution:

Kendirian, Lighthouse, Padang Golf Penipahan Atas, Danau Sei Leman

Conservation Status

Endangered (IUCN 3.1)

Appendix III

Wild water buffalo commonly form cohesive herds varying from 10 to 20 individuals, although herds of up to 100 individuals have been  observed.  In  Australia,  feral  water  buffalo  form herds of up to 30 individuals consisting of adult females, their offspring, and sub-adult females.

Water buffalo are both diurnal and nocturnal. They are more sensitive to heat than most bovids because they have fewer sweat glands.  Thus,  water buffalo are  known  for wallowing in mud. Wallowing in mud helps to cool the animal  because  water  in  mud  evaporates  more  slowly than  just  water  alone,  thus  extending  the  period  of cooling. Wallowing also serves to cake the animal with mud, which protects it from biting insects.

Water buffalo often graze in the morning and evening. During  hotter parts of  the day,  they rest  in patches of dense  cover,  wallow  in  mud  holes,  or  completely submerge themselves in water with only their nostrils and eyes  exposed.  When  deprived  of  wallowing  grounds, water buffalo often seek shade to alleviate the stress of.

Native:

Bhutan; Cambodia; India; Myanmar; Nepal; Thailand

Possibly extinct: Viet Nam

Regionally extinct: Bangladesh; Indonesia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Sri Lanka