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(Helarctos malayanus) Ursidae 

Distribution :

Rescue Centre, Sumurmana, Way Panago, Goa Way Paya, Menanga Kiri Timur,

Way Kejadian.

Conservation Status

Vulnerable (IUCN 3.1)

Appendix I

Sun bears rely on tropical forest habitat. They are omnivores, feeding primarily on termites, ants, beetle larvae, bee larvae and honey, and a large variety  of  fruit  species,  especially  figs  (Ficus  spp.), when available. Occasionally, growth shoots of certain palms and some species of flowers are consumed , but otherwise vegetative matter rarely occurs in the diet. In Bornean  forests,  fruits  of  the  families  Moraceae, Burseraceae and Myrtaceae make up more than 50% of the fruit diet.

Little is known about social structure or reproduction in sun bears. Except for females with their offspring, sun bears are usually solitary. They may congregate to feed from large fruiting trees, but this behavior appears to be rare. Female bears use cavities of either standing or fallen  large hollow trees as  birthing  sites.  As sun bears  occur  in  tropical  regions  with  year-round available foods, they do not hibernate.

Native:

Bangladesh; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia; Malaysia; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam.

Regionally extinct: Singapore