(Helarctos malayanus) Ursidae
Rescue Centre, Sumurmana, Way Panago, Goa Way Paya, Menanga Kiri Timur,
Vulnerable (IUCN 3.1)
Sun bears rely on tropical forest habitat. They are omnivores, feeding primarily on termites, ants, beetle larvae, bee larvae and honey, and a large variety of fruit species, especially figs (Ficus spp.), when available. Occasionally, growth shoots of certain palms and some species of flowers are consumed , but otherwise vegetative matter rarely occurs in the diet. In Bornean forests, fruits of the families Moraceae, Burseraceae and Myrtaceae make up more than 50% of the fruit diet.
Little is known about social structure or reproduction in sun bears. Except for females with their offspring, sun bears are usually solitary. They may congregate to feed from large fruiting trees, but this behavior appears to be rare. Female bears use cavities of either standing or fallen large hollow trees as birthing sites. As sun bears occur in tropical regions with year-round available foods, they do not hibernate.
Bangladesh; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia; Malaysia; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam.Regionally extinct: Singapore