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(Cervus unicolor)

Cervidae

Distribution:

Kendirian, Mercusuar, Padang Golf, Penipahan Atas, Danau Sei Leman, Dukuh Banyak, Tj.Mas, Pulo Pulo, Blambangan Atas, Goa Way Paya, Olok Baru, Menanga Kiri Timur, Menanga Kiri, Menjukut, Sumurmana, Sugiwaras, Way Panago, Umbulgajah, Way Kesugihan, Way Penipahan Lunik

Conservation Status

Critically Vulnerable (IUCN 3.1)

Non Appendix

In Southeast Asian regions of dense evergreen closed-canopy forest, Sambar is highly tolerant of forest degradation: indeed, much higher numbers are found in encroached stands than in pristine forests, if hunting is under control. No statistically significant difference in Sambar abundance between areas within 1  km  inside  the  boundary  of  Bukit  Barisan  Selatan National Park, Sumatra, and those deep in the interior of the park. Despite the population rises that occur in post-logging forest, there is no evidence that Sambar can  survive  landscape-level  conversion  to  exotic plantations or other non-forest land-uses.

Native:

Bangladesh;  Bhutan;  Brunei  Darussalam;  Cambodia; China;  India;  Indonesia  (Sumatera);  Lao  People's Democratic  Republic;  Malaysia;  Myanmar;  Nepal;  Sri Lanka; Taiwan; Thailand; Vietnam.

Introduced:

Australia;  New Zealand;  Saint  Vincent  and  the Grenadines; South Africa; United States.