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(Elephas m.ssp.sumatranus) Elephantidae

Distribution: Penipahan Atas.

Conservation Status Endangered (IUCN 3.1)

Appendix I

Asian elephants are generalist and they occur in gr assland, tropical evergreen forest, semi evergreen forest, moist deciduous fore st, dry deciduous forested and dry thorn forest, in addition to cultivated and seconda ry forests and scrublands. Given their physiology and energy requirements, elephants n eed to consume large quantities of food per day. They are generalists and browse and g raze on a variety of plants. The proportions of the different plant types in their d iet vary depending upon the habitat and season. Elephants may spend up to 14–19 hrs a day feeding, during which they may consume up to 150 kg of wet weight.

Given their requirements for large areas, elepha nts are regarded as an “umbrella species” because their conservation will also protect a large number of other species occupying the same area. They are als o a premier “flagship species” and are sometimes regarded as a “keystone species” because of their important ecological role and impact on the environment.

Native: Bangladesh; Bhutan; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatera); Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia (Peninsu lar Malaysia, Sabah); Myanmar; Nepal; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Vietnam Regionally extinct: Pakistan